Eugene Climate Planning

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The official City of Eugene climate planning project is the Eugene Climate and Energy Action Plan (CEAP), with its own main CEAP web site, and its own wiki-style community collaboration site.

We are working on a detailed analysis of the Eugene Climate Plan 2010 May Draft.

This page is intended to host and share some independent collaborative public interest consulting work, being done roughly in parallel and intended in support of the official CEAP process. As part of this project, a mock-up Eugene Climate Plan 2010 is being used as a tool to support preliminary technical and quantitative analysis of climate action options.

Contents

Reference Plan Budget - Portland, Oregon, Climate Action Plan 2009

The short timeline of the Eugene CEAP process is not likely to allow a fully-sequential approach to draft a plan and then perform validating quantitative analysis. Yet quantitative analysis is an important dimension of a substantive climate change planning process.

As a temporary workaround for this contradiction, we're working with a guess that the eventual draft Eugene plan may have significant overlap with the extant draft Portland plan. This independent supporting project looks to essentially create a Eugene-sized clone of the Portland plan to use as a basis for preliminary quantitative work. Then, when an actual draft Eugene climate action plan is available, these preliminary calculations can be adjusted as needed to provide direct diet pills evaluation of the Eugene plan, much more rapidly than if we start from scratch after the Eugene plan is drafted.

Summary of Portland Draft Plan - Carbon Budget

Portland Carbon Budget 1990 2007 2030 Change from 2007 (1990) 2050 Change from 2007 (1990)
Total carbon emissions (metric tons) 8,875,739 8,809,630 5,283,000 -40% 1,756,000 -80%
Population 584,000 702,000 967,000 +38% 1,276,000 +82%
Per person carbon emissions (metric tons) 15.2 12.0 5.5 -56% 1.4 -89%
Passenger miles per day per person 17.4 18.5 13.2 -29% 6.7 -64%
Electricity (kWh per person) 13,046 12,300 8,319 -32% 4,146 -66%
Natural gas (Therms per person) 391 383 320 -16% 104 -73%

source: http://www.portlandonline.com/osd/index.cfm?c=41896

Eugene Inventory Summary and Projected Carbon Budget

This mock-up carbon budget is constructed from broadly accepted mainstream numbers, using a minimum of assumptions. The carbon budget starts with the official City of Eugene greenhouse gas emissions inventory of 2007, and factors in official population projections, with levels simply adjusted to meet the State of Oregon adopted emissions reduction targets.

As well as providing a concrete reference projection of mainstream climate planning targets, this carbon budget may also help illuminate the linear implications of some basic facts and choices already made and acknowledged diet supplements by state and local elected officials.

Summary of Eugene Projected Plan - Carbon Budget

Eugene GHG Emission Budget 1990 2005 2020 Relative to 1990 (10% reduction) 2050 Relative to 1990 (75% reduction)
Total carbon emissions (metric tons) 911,965 1,258,524 820,769 90 % 227,991 25 %
Population (official projections) 112,733 146,160 175,515 156 % 383,135 (?) 340 %
Per person carbon emissions (metric tons) 8.1 8.6 4.7 58 % 0.6 7 %
Passenger (vehicle, only) miles/day/person (LCOG simulated) (Savings 50/50 technology/VMT) 17.6 15.2 10.8 61 % 3.2 18 %
Electricity (kWh per person) 17,072 15,656 9,869 58 % 1,256 7 %
Natural gas (Therms per person) 440 564 254 58 % 32 7 %

source: Eugene Community Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory Report, July 2007, p3, 22, 2050 population: Population Projections for 2004 Wastewater Facilities Plan

Comparison of Potential Eugene GHG Reduction 2020 Targets

2020 Target Total Eugene GHG emissions tonnes/yr  % Change in per capita GHG from BAU Per capita CO2 tonnes/yr
Business as usual (BAU) 1,528,199 = 8.8
Meet 1990 Levels 911,964 - 40 % 5.2
Kyoto Protocol (7% < 1990) 848,127 - 45 % 4.9
Oregon Adopted (HB 3543, 10% < 1990) 820,768 - 46 % 4.7

sources: Eugene Community Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory Report, July 2007, p14, Oregon House Bill 3543: Global Warming Actions


Reference Plan Actions - Portland, Oregon, Climate Action Plan 2009

"Focuses principally on major actions to be taken in the next three years to shift Portland and Multnomah County’s emissions trajectory." p8

"O-" denotes ' 2030 Objectives '. "A-" denotes ' 2012 Actions '.

Sector 1 - Buildings and Energy (p31)

O-1. Reduce the total energy use of all buildings built before 2010 by 25 percent.

  • A-1.1 - Establish an investment fund with public and private capital to provide easy access to $10 million annually in low-cost financing to residents and businesses for energy performance improvements.
  • A-1.2 - Require energy performance ratings and consumption disclosures for all homes so that owners, tenants and prospective buyers can make informed decisions.
  • A-1.3 - Require energy performance benchmarking for all commercial and multi-family buildings.
  • A-1.4 - Provide resources and incentives to residents and businesses on energy-reduction actions on existing buildings.
  • A-1.5 - Work with partner organizations to promote improved operation and maintenance practices in all commercial buildings.

O-2. Achieve zero net greenhouse gas emissions in all new buildings and homes.

  • A-2.1 - Adopt green building incentives for high performance new construction.
  • A-2.2 - Participate actively in the process to revise the Oregon building code to codify the performance targets of Architecture 2030(ref).
  • A-2.3 - Accelerate existing efforts to provide green building design assistance, education and technical resources to residents, developers, designers and builders.

O-3. Produce 10 percent of the total energy used within Multnomah County from on-site renewable sources and clean district energy systems.

  • A-3.1 - Make the investment fund referenced in Objective 1, above, available to finance distributed generation and district energy systems.
  • A-3.2 - Establish at least one district heating and cooling system.
  • A-3.3 - Facilitate the installation of at least five megawatts of on-site renewable energy, such as solar energy.

Sector 2 - Land Use and Mobility (p34)

O-4. Create vibrant neighborhoods where 90 percent of Portland residents and 80 percent of Multnomah County residents can easily walk or bicycle to meet all basic daily, non-work needs.

  • A-4.1 - Accommodate all population and business growth within the existing Urban Growth Boundary.
  • A-4.2 - For each type of urban neighborhood, identify the land use planning changes, infrastructure investments, including public-private partnerships that are needed to achieve a highly walkable neighborhood and develop an implementation action plan.
  • A-4.3 - Require evaluations of planning scenarios and individual land use decisions to include estimates of carbon emissions.
  • A-4.4 - Adopt a schedule of funding for public investments to make neighborhoods highly walkable. Coordinate complimentary land use developments.
  • A-4.5 - Complete the Streetcar Master Plan and fund the next eight miles of streetcar lines.

O-5. Reduce per capita daily vehicle miles traveled by 50 percent from 2008 levels.

  • A-5.1 - Update the Transportation System Plan to incorporate mode-share goals(ref) that will result in a 50 percent reduction in transportation-related emissions by 2030.
  • A-5.2 - Together with Metro and TriMet, develop a joint funding schedule for infrastructure improvements such as sidewalks and improved access to destinations beyond a reasonable walking distance.
  • A-5.3 - Allocate transportation expenditures among maintenance and infrastructure projects to improve the target mode shares.
  • A-5.4 - Identify the steps necessary to create a world-class bicycle system throughout Portland and Multnomah County.
  • A-5.5 - Fund the first tier of improvements identified in the City of Portland Bicycle Master Plan and adopt a schedule of funding to address subsequent improvements.
  • A-5.6 - Expand the Smart Trips(ref) program to a county-wide effort to reach each resident at least once every five years.
  • A-5.7 - Invest in advanced telecommunications infrastructure to enable widespread e-commerce and telecommuting.
  • A-5.8 - Implement appropriate pricing mechanisms on driving such as congestion pricing, tolls and parking pricing and direct these funds to infrastructure for non-automobile transportation modes and programs to promote their use.
  • A-5.9 - Protect existing intermodal freight facilities.

O-6. Increase the average fuel efficiency of passenger vehicles to 40 miles per gallon.

  • A-6.1 - Support implementation of state tailpipe emission standards that are more aggressive than federal standards.
  • A-6.2 - Provide educational opportunities to residents and businesses to drive the most efficient vehicle that meets their needs.

O-7. Reduce the lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions of transportation fuels by 20 percent.

  • A-7.1 - Implement the second phase of the City’s renewable fuels standard to require that diesel fuel sold in Portland include at least 10 percent biodiesel, half of which must be made from sources that can be produced in Oregon.
  • A-7.2 - Accelerate the transition to plug-in hybrids and electric vehicles by supporting the installation of a network of electric car charging stations.

Sector 3 - Consumption and Solid Waste ( p38)

O-8. Reduce total solid waste generated by 25 percent.

  • A-8.1 - Encourage businesses and residents to purchase new and reused goods with minimal packaging that are durable, repairable and reusable.
  • A-8.2 - Participate actively in the process to develop state and federal product stewardship legislation.

O-9. Recover 75 percent of all waste generated.

  • A-9.1 - Complete the implementation of mandatory commercial food waste collection in Portland and begin collection of residential food waste.
  • A-9.2 - Assist 1,000 businesses per year to improve compliance with Portland’s requirement of paper, metal and glass recycling.
  • A-9.3 - Together with Metro create a regional hierarchy of materials disposal to guide decisions on technologies such as commercial composting, digesters, plasmafication and waste-to-energy systems.
  • A-9.4 - Regulate solid waste collection for unincorporated Multnomah County.
  • A-9.5 - Provide technical assistance to contractors and construction firms to meet Portland’s new requirement to recycle 75 percent of construction and demolition debris.

O-10. Maximize the efficiency of the waste collection system.

  • A-10.1 - Provide weekly curbside collection of food waste, other compostable materials and recycling. Shift residential garbage collection to every other week.

Sector 4 - Urban Forestry (p41)

O-11. Expand the forest canopy to cover one-third of Portland.

  • A-11.1 - Expand public and private programs to encourage planting and preserving trees.
  • A-11.2 - Acquire, restore and protect open spaces to promote functional forest ecosystems with high potential to sequester carbon dioxide.
  • A-11.3 - Develop and implement an outreach campaign to provide educational resources to residents about the benefits of trees, tree care and tree regulations.
  • A-11.4 - Recognize trees as a capital asset to City and County infrastructure.

Sector 5 - Food and Agriculture (p42)

O-12. Significantly increase the consumption of local food.

  • A-12.1 - Establish joint City-County institutional capacity to support the development of a strong local food system. Provide policy direction and resources to significantly increase the percentage of home-grown and locally-sourced food.
  • A-12.2 - Work to reestablish funding to the Multnomah County Extension Service.
  • A-12.3 - Increase the viability of farmers’ markets, community gardens, community-supported agriculture farms and home-grown food through qualitative goals. Integrate these goals into all planning processes.
  • A-12.4 - Provide educational opportunities for residents that will enable them to grow fruit and vegetables at their place of residence and in cooperation with their neighbors.
  • A-12.5 - Encourage the use of public and private urban land and rooftops for growing food and remove obstacles to local food production.
  • A-12.6 - Create 1,300 new community garden plots.

O-13. Reduce consumption of carbon- intensive foods.

  • A-13.1 - Create a public engagement campaign highlighting food choice as a key action to live a climate-friendly lifestyle.
  • A-13.2 - Create City and County partnerships with healthcare, schools and other organizations to promote healthy, low-carbon diets.

Sector 6 - Community Engagement (p44)

O-14. Motivate all Multnomah County residents and businesses to change their behavior in ways that reduce carbon emissions.

  • A-14.1 - In partnership with businesses, universities, non-profits and public agencies, launch a community-wide public engagement campaign to promote carbon emission reductions.
  • A-14.2 - Establish a business leadership council to catalyze the business community to create a prosperous low-carbon economy.
  • A-14.3 - Create a center to bring together academia, businesses and government to foster policy development, best practices and collaboration to address climate change.

Sector 7 - Climate Change Preparation (p46)

O-15. Adapt successfully to a changing climate.

  • A-15.1 - Prepare an assessment of climate-related vulnerabilities of local food, water and energy supplies, infrastructure and the public health system.
  • A-15.2 - Analyze the costs and benefits of addressing major vulnerabilities identified in the assessment and prioritize preparation actions.
  • A-15.3 - Adopt a climate change preparation plan assigning responsibility to appropriate bureaus or departments to address prioritized actions.

Sector 8 - Local Government Operations (p47)

O-16. Reduce carbon emissions from City and County operations 50 percent from 1990 levels.

  • A-16.1 - Issue capital improvement bonds or identify other funding sources to finance energy-efficiency upgrades in City and County facilities.
  • A-16.2 - Require that all new City and County buildings achieve Architecture 20303 performance targets.
  • A-16.3 - Convert street lighting, water pumps, water treatment and other energy intensive operations to more efficient technologies.
  • A-16.4 - Adopt and implement green building policies that include third-party certification of energy, water and waste conservation strategies.
  • A-16.5 - Purchase or generate 100 percent of all electricity required for City and County operations from renewable sources, with at least 15 percent from on-site or district renewable energy sources such as solar and biogas.
  • A-16.6 - Require that local government fleets, regulated fleets (e.g., taxis and waste/recycling haulers), and the fleets of local government contractors meet minimum fleet fuel efficiency standards and use low-carbon fuels.
  • A-16.7 - Buy electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles for City and County fleets as they become commercially available.
  • A-16.8 - Recover 85 percent of all waste generated in City and County operations.
  • A-16.9 - In City and County purchasing decisions, consider carbon emissions from the production, transportation, use and disposal of goods as a criterion.

Eugene Climate Plan 2010 Mock-Up

Eugene Climate Planning > Eugene Climate Plan 2010 Mock-Up > Technical Carbon Budget - Sector 1 - Buildings and Energy - Sector 2 - Land Use and Mobility - Sector 3 - Consumption and Solid Waste - Sector 4 - Urban Forestry - Sector 5 - Food and Agriculture - Sector 6 - Community Engagement - Sector 7 - Climate Change Preparation - Sector 8 - Local Government Operations -

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